Guiding the cultivation
Turkey is the biggest hazelnut producer in the world (70% of global production), followed by Italy (10-15%), the US (4%), Azerbaijan (3%), Georgia, Chile, Spain and Iran. Turkey has a growing area of approximately 700,000 hectares. Italian production covers 70,000 hectares. Unlike Turkey and Italy, where crops are grown on small or mid-sized farms, in the United States, the plantations are large and involve a high level of mechanisation.